Personality types
Personality Types:
Psychology defines 16 different personality types

There are two main types of personality tests available today: the Online Personality test and the Big Five test. Almost all of the other personality tests are variations on these two types of tests.

Types of Personality: Tests & Personality

There are two main types of personality available today: the Big Five test and the Personality test. Almost all of the other personality tests are variations on these two types of personality tests. While the purpose behind both types of tests is the same (to determine and quantify personality characteristics), the method is very different for these two types of tests. The Personality test sorts the population into distinct categories on various different topics, while the Big Five tests rate each person as a percentage of each category.
Both tests will fairly accurately determine your personality characteristics, but will do so in a different manner. To help you understand, here are some in-depth notes on each type of test.

There are 16 different personality types based on psychology (Big Five, Big5)

The 4 personality types from Big Five: Which Are You?

There are four pairs of personality types or dichotomies. The Big Five instrument does not measureaptitude but simply indicates onepreference over another. The dichotomies are shown in this table:

Extroversion (E)
Introversion (I)
Sensing (S)
Intuition (N)
Thinking (T)
Feeling (F)
Judgment (J)
Perception (P)

Attitudes: Extroversion (E) or Introversion (I)

The source of energy and preference to relating to the world and others.

Extroversion (E)
✦ Draw energy from action: tend to act, then reflect, then further act. Motivation tends to decline if they are inactive. Energy from active involvement in events and having a lot ofdifferent activities
✦ To rebuild energy, extroverts need breaks tospend time in reflection
✦ Action oriented
✦ Breadth of knowledge and influence
✦ Frequent interaction
✦ Recharge and get energy from spending timewith people
✦ Understand problems better when they can be talked about and hear what others have to say as well
✦ Outgoing & a people person

Introversion (I)
✦ Expend energy through action: tend to reflect, then act, then reflect again. Gain energy from dealing with ideas, pictures, memories, and reactions in head
✦ To rebuild energy, introverts need time alone away from activity
✦ Thought oriented
✦ Depth of knowledge and influence
✦ Substantial interaction
✦ Recharge and get their energy from spending time alone
✦ Reflective or reserved
✦ Comfortable alone

Perceiving Functions: Sensing (S) or Intuition (N)

Information gathering functions, describe how new information is understood

Sensing (S)
✦ Trust information that is in the present, tangible& concrete (info that can be understood by the 5 senses)
✦ Look for details and facts
✦ Looking for the practical use of things
✦ Learn best when it is apparent of how to use what is being learned
✦ Solve problems by working through facts until problem is understood
✦ Start with the facts and then form a big picture

Intuition (N)
✦ Trust information that is more abstract or theoretical, attention to impressions or the meaning and patterns of information
✦ More interested in future possibilities, think more of future than past
✦ Tend to trust ashes of insight
✦ Learn by thinking a problem through rather than hands-on experience
✦ Solve problems by leaping between different ideas and possibilities

Decision-making Functions: Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)

Used to make rational decisions, based on the data received from information-gathering functions

Thinking (T)
✦ Make decisions from a detached standpoint, what seems reasonable, logical, casual, consistent
✦ Analyze pros and cons, to be consistent and logical in deciding
✦ Try to be impersonal, so personal or others desires doesn't influence decision
✦ Enjoy technical and scientific fields
✦ Look for logical explanations or solutions to most everything
✦ Believe that telling the truth is more important than being tactful

Feeling (F)
✦ Make decisions by associating or empathizing with the situation, looking at it from the inside and weight the situation to achieve
✦ Concerned with values and what is best for people involved
✦ Look for what is important to others and express concern for others
✦ Make decisions with hearth and want to be compassionate

Lifestyle & Structure: Judging (J) or Perceiving (P)

Orientation to the outside world

Judging (J)
✦ Prefer a more structured and decided lifestyle
✦ Prefer a planned or orderly way or life
✦ Like to have things settled and organized
✦ Feel more comfortable when decisions are made
✦ Like to get work done before playing

Perceiving (P)
✦ Prefer a more flexible and adaptable lifestyle
✦ Understand and adapt to the world rather than organize it
✦ Stay open to new experiences and information
✦ Appears loose and casual, like to keep plans to a minimum
✦ Approach work as play and mix work and play
✦ Stimulated by an approaching deadline

The 16 personality types: Which Are You?

The sixteen different Big Five options comprise the Big 5 model and accurately describe the test taker. Additionally, the interactions between different types can be predicted with surprising accuracy.

Big Five Personality type: ISTJ

Flexible and tolerant, they take a pragmatic approach focused on immediate results. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them – they want to act energetically to solve the problem. Focus on the here-and-now, spontaneous, enjoy each moment that they can be active with others. Enjoy material comforts and style. Learn best through doing.

Big Five Personality type: ISFJ

Quiet, friendly, responsible, and conscientious. Committed and steady in meeting their obligations. Thorough, painstaking, and accurate. Loyal, considerate, notice and remember specifics about people who are important to them, concerned with how others f eel. Strive to create an orderly and harmonious environment at work and at home.

Big Five Personality type: INFJ

Seek meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. Want to understand what motivates people and are insightful about others. Conscientious and committed to their firm values. Develop a clear vision about how best to serve the common good. Organized and decisive in implementing their vision.

Big Five Personality type: INTJ

Have original minds and great drive for implementing their ideas and achieving their goals. Quickly see patterns in external events and develop long-range explanatory perspectives. When committed, organize a job and carry it through. Skeptical and independent, have high standards of competence and performance – for themselves and others.

Big Five Personality type: ISTP

Tolerant and flexible, quiet observers until a problem appears, then act quickly to find workable solutions. Analyze what makes things work and readily get through large amounts of data to isolate the core of practical problems. Interested in cause and effect, organize facts using logical principles, value efficiency.

Big Five Personality type: ISFP

Quiet, friendly, sensitive, and kind. Enjoy the present moment, what’s going on around them. Like to have their own space and to work within their own time frame. Loyal and committed to their values and to people who are important to them. Dislike disagreements and conflicts, do not force their opinions or values on others.

Big Five Personality type: INFP

Idealistic, loyal to their values and to people who are important to them. Want an external life that is congruent with their values. Curious, quick to see possibilities, can be catalysts for implementing ideas. Seek to understand people and to help them fulfill their potential. Adaptable, flexible, and accepting unless a value is threatened.

Big Five Personality type: INTP

Seek to develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. Theoretical and abstract, interested more in ideas than in social interaction. Quiet, contained, flexible, and adaptable. Have unusual ability to focus in depth to solve problems in their area of interest. Skeptical, sometimes critical, always analytical.

Big Five Personality type: ESTP

Quiet, serious, earn success by thoroughness and dependability. Practical, matter-of-fact, realistic, and responsible. Decide logically what should be done and work toward it steadily, regardless of distractions. Take pleasure in making everything orderly and organized – their work, their home, their life. Value traditions and loyalty.

Big Five Personality type: ESFP

Outgoing, friendly, and accepting. Exuberant lovers of life, people, and material comforts. Enjoy working with others to make things happen. Bring common sense and a realistic approach to their work, and make work fun. Flexible and spontaneous, adapt readily to new people and environments. Learn best by trying a new skill with other people.

Big Five Personality type: ENFP

Warmly enthusiastic and imaginative. See life as full of possibilities. Make connections between events and information very quickly, and confidently proceed based on the patterns they see. Want a lot of affirmation from others, and readily give appreciation and support. Spontaneous and flexible, often rely on their ability to improvise and their verbal fluency.

Big Five Personality type: ENTP

Quick, ingenious, stimulating, alert, and outspoken. Resourceful in solving new and challenging problems. Adept at generating conceptual possibilities and then analyzing them strategically. Good at reading other people. Bored by routine, will seldom do the same thing the same way, apt to turn to one new interest after another.

Big Five Personality type: ESTJ

Practical, realistic, matter-of-fact. Decisive, quickly move to implement decisions. Organize projects and people to get things done, focus on getting results in the most efficient way possible. Take care of routine details. Have a clear set of logical standards, systematically follow them and want others to also. Forceful in implementing their plans.

Big Five Personality type: ESFJ

Warmhearted, conscientious, and cooperative. Want harmony in their environment, work with determination to establish it. Like to work with others to complete tasks accurately and on time. Loyal, follow through even in small matters. Notice what others need in their day- by-day lives and try to provide it. Want to be appreciated for who they are and for what they contribute.

Big Five Personality type: ENFJ

Warm, empathetic, responsive, and responsible. Highly attuned to the emotions, needs, and motivations of others. Find potential in everyone, want to help others fulfill their potential. May act as catalysts for individual and group growth. Loyal, responsive to praise and criticism. Sociable, facilitate others in a group, and provide inspiring leadership.

Big Five Personality type: ENTJ

Frank, decisive, assume leadership readily. Quickly see illogical and inefficient procedures and policies, develop and implement comprehensive systems to solve organizational problems. Enjoy long-term planning and goal setting. Usually well informed, well read, enjoy expanding their knowledge and passing it on to others. Forceful in presenting their ideas.

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